以SHTF = 「💩 hits the fan」 形容身陷戰爭的慘烈狀況也真繪形繪聲… 據戰亂求生電腦遊戲This War of Mine的FANDOM記載,這遊戲就是基於書中所述的戰爭(1992-96)及此作者部分經歷設計的。




以下用 📖 標示章節名稱、斜體為引文。

📖 The Five Things that will Shock you the Most about the SHTF 軍人的敵人是敵方,你的敵人是周圍所有搶奪資源求存的人。 //The “enemy” will look, sound, and speak like you.

They may even have been your long-time friends who are now on the ‘opposite’ side. Fighting here was divided by all sorts of reasons: race, religion, affiliation, heritage, politics and often a big mix of all these things. “Sides” were always changing as well.

//A soldier has a job to do, and all his other needs are taken care of… If you served in Army, you had clear orders, topics, outside of that you did not need to think about too many things


//Fighting for survival is an all-day, everyday task. You are constantly hunting, scavenging, gathering, finding information, looking and checking things… 一般巿民基本上要馬不停蹄地掙扎求存——狩獵、拾荒、採集、尋找資訊、檢查物品——連睡覺的時間也沒有…🥲(玩This War of Mine可以約略感受一下是怎樣的慘狀)

📖 The Return of Natural Selection

Flexible thinkers survive because they have many options to do things and react if they have to.

但作者在這章舉的例子,我覺得已經不是 flexible 與否了…




📖 The First Trades after the Collapse


戰亂時會有來自各國的救援物資送來,出現很多新奇的物品,例如作者提到的「powdered egg」我也是第一次聽。


  • 若你不知道有誰在、對方有多少武裝、或不知會有什麼東西,就不要去那地方。
  • 不要把你全副身家拿去交易。
  • 要想想有意外狀況時該怎辦(”Have a plan of what to do in case of surprises” 意外是要怎麼想啊…)
  • 太易接受交易條件會讓對方覺得你弱勢,這可能會引發其他麻煩。

(離題一下)其實我不太確定中文書名是什麼,搜「南斯拉夫」和這書原名時找到這文章(也有提及本書作者): https://kknews.cc/n/g4v42xe.html 似乎這書未有出版的中譯版? 好,繼續 🔥

📖 Where to Start for Prepper Newbies Bug Out = leave an unsafe situation quickly 但所有Bug Out plan/resources在非常情況下很大機會無法執行/存取,所以作者強調要掌握可信的知識和懂得隨機應變:Simply, focus on building credible knowledge and skills, and develop and adaptive mindset.


  • Fire 火
  • Water 食水
  • Shelter 容身之處
  • Food 食物
  • Signaling/Communication 通訊
  • Medical/Hygiene 衛生
  • Personal Safety 人身安全

作者這裡漏寫了他好幾章也有提到的 - 修理技術 ——修理電器/機械等有助求生的物品。

📖 Dealing with Difference

  • We are living in a world where there is a big mix of nationalities, customs, religions, social rituals, etc.
  • DO NOT attract attention by being different.

  • It makes perfect sense to know the customs of people around you, political opinion, social rituals, etc. It is good to know language or at least ascents. 概括來說就是要有文化知識和洞察力,避免開罪別人或引起注意。能夠辯識語言/口音的話,也就更大機會得知對方的背景或前設。

📖 New Generations 對科技極大的依賴以及大量人口在城巿密集居住,讓人們更難在戰爭中存活下來,因為一旦爆發戰爭,資源(水、食物、電…)運輸就會被切斷,不可能養活如此龐大的都巿人口,很快就會演變成喪屍片互相殘殺的局面…

//…either to die in huge numbers, or to look for resources in a way that looks the easiest to them, and that is actually by taking the resources from another.

And that is actually the real zonbie apocalypse.

📖 An Average Day

在容身之所外的任何活動只能在晚上進行(先前的章節提到,白天會有殺人如麻的狙擊手snipers,晚上行動才較易掩人耳目),例如交易、拾荒採集,獲取人道救援的補給MREs(Meal, Ready-to-Eat)等。




除了水筒還有運輸工具去取水或燃料之類。什麼樣子的運輸工具也有——有些簡單到只是把玩具的輸子拆下並加在桶子底部,反正能用就行。作者就說: //Nothing Fancy. Funny actually.

(這章提到的基本上This War of Mine遊戲中也有包括,不過遊戲忽略了很重要的食水衛生問題——要是把食水衛生一環加進去,RPC應該很快死掉,沒人會想玩這電腦遊戲🥲 )

📖 Gun Control? No, thanks.

(身在美國並試過有認識的人受嚴重槍傷的我,對這章心情複雜… 當然作者說的話是很有道理的。以下除了意譯還是節錄一下原文。)


//Weapons save lives and take lives, but it depends on the person who uses it.

//After this event–and this sounds stupid–I fell in love with weapons. In the months that followed weapons were some of the most important tools for survival. It became very natural to handle a weapon and to have it all the time with me.


所以… 槍械管制應該取決於一個人到底有多大機率暴露於要使用槍的危險中(在美國,住在鄉郊地方的人的確需要槍,因為會有野生動物襲擊),以及如何避免壞人/精神有問題、無法自控的人使用槍械傷害他人… 的確有些人終其一生都不會有機會陷入戰亂,作者要不是經歷戰亂也不會習慣帶槍在身。

//Death is ugly. Killing is bad, but it is a very natural thing for people when they fight for survival and resources. I think the problem of people who are against weapons is that they do not want to accept the facts of what can happen to them. And then they are the ones who run away and have only a belt to fight with when they face bad people.

📖 The Cost of Violence

這章談的不是知識,而是那些熬過戰爭活過來的人。作者說他這不是自誇,生還者絕對是那個時期的best of the best,因為稍笨的人早就死光了。

//Without false modesty, those of us who made it are the best of the best from that time, real survivors. We survived everything because stupidity got punished very hard back then, usually with death.



//There is a name for all this I wrote here. They label it with the words, PTSD. But the real point is that once violence enters your life, once it becomes part of you, you belong to that violence. For the rest of your life.

斯維拉娜‧亞歷塞維奇有關蘇阿戰爭的著作《鋅皮娃娃兵:聆聽死亡的聲音》提到蘇聯士兵在戰爭結束回家後無法恢復日常生活,也是同樣的問題: https://moo.im/a/2auvFR

作者在本章最後提出了兩點(Two main lessons here.):

  • Every time you use violence the dark passenger in you grows and it will not leave. It is part of you.


  • The second lesson here is that you should think about a time after the collapse. I have friends in the US army and I know some of the veteran services are bad, but at least they are there.

I have read in a history book that soldiers in earlier wars had less PTSD because they traveled together for a longer time from the area of conflict. If you lead a group of survivors during SHTF think about giving them rest. Think about sort of a debriefing time. 真的不幸經歷了戰亂又僥倖存活下來的話,嘗試離開那個環境休息一下。



書看了 20%,讓我暫時休息一下,視乎閱讀進度決定在這噗還是開新噗再續。若上面有敍述得不清楚的地方請告知🙏也歡迎留言討論






(1) From 📖 “The True Nature of Survival”


(2) From 📖 “The Human side of Authority”



(3) From 📖 “Deciding what to do”



📖 Myth Busting: Knife Attacks(關於持刀攻擊的迷思)



  • 利刀是很寶貴的資源。若刀只用在攻擊上,是很大的浪費。比起刀,斧頭是更實用的武器。
  • 若刀真的是你唯一可以用的武器,可能把它做成長矛會更好,至少攻擊時可與對方保持一段距離。用刀意味著你要「埋身肉搏」(貼身攻擊),這跟用槍的單向攻擊不一樣,對方也能用你手上的刀捅你。
  • 用刀捅人風險不低。首先,這會發生極大聲響,而且你要用力捅進去,決不如電影中的情節能靜悄悄捅死人。然後,那一捅有否擊中對方要害(例如頸動脈)?你是捅還是割?你的刀有多鋒利?用刀捅人變數一大籮。
  • 沒接受過訓練的人,很難一下子學會如何用刀攻擊。
  • 即使你成功捅中對方要害,對方也不會即時死亡,在那之前他還有機會把你置諸死地。🔞–只是刺傷對方然後拔刀,跟刺進腹部之後再挖、鑿、切(dig, gouge and cut),是全然不同的事–🤦 簡而言之,刀不是攻擊用最有效的武器,但若果你只有刀,那祝你好運…

📖 The Orlando Nightclub Attack: Some Thoughts




  • 恐怖分子襲擊有大量人持搶的場合機會很低。
  • 亳無裝備地處於亳無裝備的人海中是危險的事(就「眾地莫企」吧)。一旦發生事故,會一片恐慌+混亂。


  • 分清在場的「掩護」(cover)和「隱藏」(concealment)。掩護是指能擋子彈的東西,例如厚厚的磚牆,在它後面,沒有子彈可以殺死你;「隱藏」則是讓敵人看不見你的東西,例如茂密的灌木叢,你站在後面的話對方看不到你(但無法擋子彈)。
  • 認清場地的設置,包括入口、出口、通道等,並辨別出真正可以「掩護」你的東西。
  • 謹記:AK47(或任何其他類似特徵步槍)的子彈可以穿過許多物體,例如門、牆壁、架子、櫥櫃、桌子,殺死您甚至同時殺死另一個人。即使是手槍的子彈也能射穿很多東西並殺死你。

📖 When More Chaos Helps for Survival


在戰亂初期,表親在轉移陣地時被武裝分子抓住,問他屬於什麼組織,嚇得他說不出話。但就在這時,武裝分子發現他帶著一個寫著他名字和「Kreator」的ID tag,「Kreator」是他心儀德國metal band的名字。



寫到這裡我要停一下,心理上也有點疲累,幾天後才繼續寫。 若上面有敍述得不清楚的地方請告知🙏也歡迎留言討論